First Time Report of the Breeding of Anopheles, Aedes and Culex Mosquitoes in Domestic Water Wells in Ye Township Mon State, Myanmar
Mya MM, Thaung S, Myint YY, Mu TZN, Kyaw PP, Maung YNM , Htun MM and Htun ZT
Published on: 2021-05-29
Mosquito borne diseases as Malaria, DHF, Chikungunya, Yellow fever, Filarial and H1N1 H5N1 are very harmful to human and animal health in the tropical countries. Wells are the major breeding sources of malaria vector Anopheles dirus mosquitoes in coastal areas in Myanmar. Breeding habitats of different mosquito’s survey was conducted in Koe Mine and Man Aung villages in Ye Township from June to July 2019 to identify the mosquito larvae and to investigate the different breeding site preferences of mosquitoes. In the wells, mosquito larvae were collected using 3 dips by WHO net dipper/well and larvae were collected by pipette. A total of 1721 mosquito larvae were collected from 68 water wells and 13 water pockets and beside the Ma Hlew Taung creek of the both places. Seven species as 2 Anopheles, one Culex, 3 Aedes and one Taxorhynchites species were identified. Culex quinquefasciatus larvae were abundantly presented in 51 wells (40wells in Koe Mine and 11 wells in Man Aung) and it was co breeders with An. minimus in both villages and Taxorhynchites in Man Aung villages. Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus larvae were found together in one well and first time found Aedes species of Ae cogilli larvae was positive in one well in Man Aung village. The highest larval density was found Cx. quinquefasciatus larvae (80.30%) followed by An.minimus (9.82%) and lowest was observed Ae.cogilli larvae (0.70%) and it was found first time in Myanmar. Malaria vector An.minimus, Filarial vector Cx. quinquefasciatus, DHF vector Ae. aegypti, Ae.albopictus larvae were abundantly present in water wells are very good information about habitats to control breeding of mosquitoes in water wells and beds of creek and it was also prevent diseases transmission through mosquito bite in both Koe Mine and Man Aung villages in Ye Township.