Airway Management in Pediatric Patients with Temporomandibular Joint Ankylosis: A Case Series

Ahmad Z, Rai A, Panwar S and Khan F

Published on: 2023-10-18


Temporomandibular joint ankylosis is one of the most difficult and complex health issues in terms of difficult airway furthermore if encountered in children. Apart from causing changes in appearance, this condition has a negative impact on the psychosocial aspect as well. The planning and execution of anaesthesia and the performance of surgery on paediatric patients are exceptionally important. The mistakes and complications may result in scarring and reankylosis, significantly deteriorating the tissue and increasing the risk and complications in subsequent surgeries. Intensive physiotherapy plays a vital role in rehabilitation. In spite of the generally accepted airway intervention and surgical management in TMJ ankylosis, an individualised approach is necessary for a far better outcome.