Advances in the Diagnosis and Monitoring of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Lakshmi Vaswani

Published on: 2018-12-28

Abstract

The increased incidence of non-communicable diseases like Diabetes, with its associated mortality and morbidity rates has forced the healthcare community to come up with more innovative ways to deal with it. Type 1 Diabetes has always been an area of interest as the cause of the autoimmune reaction can be attributed to multiple genetic and environmental factors. This review of literature aims to trace the origins of Type 1 Diabetes and examine novel methods in the diagnosis and monitoring of patients, ranging from traditional blood glucose levels and glycosylated haemoglobin levels to genetic markers, hormone levels and autoimmune antibody levels. Monitoring and therapeutic interventions have also progressed from syringe and vial administration of glucose to portable Glucometers, insulin pumps and the artificial pancreas device system. The invention of the Non-invasive Blood glucose monitoring system is also underway. Digitalization in healthcare has led to the development of smart phone applications for the logging of health data for diabetic patients leading to more comprehensive electronic health records, which improves care delivery. The advocacy of self-management with the help of health data apps, increased awareness due to diabetic educators, national and international campaigns, and the provision of emotional and psychological support to the patients, has helped to improve compliance to combat the disease. The holistic, multidisciplinary and patient centric methods used to approach the management of Type 1 Diabetes, has shown improved patient outcomes.