Forensic Pathological Evaluation of Important Determinants of Asphyxial Deaths Due to Drowning

Shibanand Nepal Karmakar

Published on: 2022-11-24


Background: Drowning is a form of asphyxia due to aspiration of fluid into air-passages, caused by submersion in water or other fluid. Complete submersion is not necessary, for submersion of the nose and mouth alone for a sufficient period can cause death from drowning.[1] As per WHO In 2019, an estimated 236000 people died from drowning, making drowning a major public health problem worldwide. Drowning is the 3rd leading cause of unintentional injury death worldwide, accounting for 7% of all injury-related deaths.[2] The present study aims to analyze important aspects of deaths due to drowning.

Conclusion: Majority of the cases were males in the age group 20-69 years. A large number of cases; 31.1 % cases occurred in the month of September. All the cases were of suicidal manner.