Study of Key Components of Deaths Due To Ophitoxaemia

Shibanand Nepal Karmakar

Published on: 2022-11-30


Background: There are more than 3500 species of snakes, but only about 250 are venomous. In India about 216 species are found, of which 52 are poisonous. In India only five of them are dangerously poisonous to man, i.e. king cobra, common cobra, common krait, Russell's viper and saw-scaled viper. Ophitoxaemia is poisoning by snake venom [1]. As per world health organization, though the exact number of snake bites is unknown, an estimated 5.4 million people are bitten each year with up to 2.7 million envenomings. Around 81000 to 138000 people die each year because of snake bites, and around three times as many amputations and other permanent disabilities are caused by snakebites annually [2]. The present study aims to study key components of deaths due to snake bites.

Conclusion: All cases were of accidental manner. Most of the cases were in rural area. Half of the cases occurred in rainy season. Majority of the cases were married females.