Occurrence of Coccidiosis on Young Calves Less Than One Year in Sekachekorsa District, Jimma Zone Southern Ethiopia

Zakir SA, Abdo SJ and Muhidin MM

Published on: 2023-03-13


Coccidiosis Is A Protozoan Disease Caused By A Small And Single Celled Parasite Which Occurs Worldwide And Commonly Affects Cattle Under One Year Old. Cross-Sectional Study Was Conducted From November 2020 To July 2021 To Assess The Prevalence And Evaluate The Risk Factors Of Coccidiosis In Calves Aged Less Than 1 Year In Sekachekorsa District. Faecal Samples Were Collected From 384 Calves And Tested Using Centrifugal Faecal Floatation Technique To Detect Coccidian Oocyst. Analysis Was Made Using The SPSS Statistical Software. The Current Studies Revealed That, the Overall Prevalence of Coccidiosis Is 114/384 (29.7%) In The Study Area. Significant Association (P<0.05) Was Observed Between Occurrences of Coccidiosis and Age, Breed, Faecal Consistency As Well As Management System. Multivariate Logistic Regression Analysis Showed That The Risk Of Acquiring Coccidian Infection Was Significantly Higher In Calves Less Than 3 Months With (OR=1.05, 95% CI=0.51-2.15), Cross Breed Breed Calves (OR=0.34, 95% CI=0.19-0.6), Calves With Diarrheic Faecal Consistency (OR=0.09, 95% CI=0.05-0.16), Calves Kept Under Intensive Management System (OR=0.35, 95% CI=0.17-0.7). In General, Coccidiosis Is Prevalent In Sekachekorsa District, This Indicate That Coccidian Infection Has A Great Impact For The Livestock Production In The Area. Therefore, It Needs Kind Awareness Formation, A Thoughtful Treatment, Preventive And Control Platforms.