Suicide Rate Recorded At Jala Hospital in a Period of 5 Years

Elmrghni S, Bohagar S and Kaddura M

Published on: 2021-02-13

Abstract

Suicide remains a significant public health problem, causing almost half of all violent deaths and resulting in roughly one million fatalities every year, as well as an economic cost of billions of dollars (World Health Organization [WHO], 2004). Worldwide, more people die from suicide than from all homicides and wars combined (International Association for Suicide Prevention [IASP], 2005). Although suicides represent 1.4% of the Global Burden of Disease, the losses extend much further. Current statistics from the Suicide Prevention (SUPRE) branch of the WHO show that suicide has a global mortality rate of 16 per 100,000; this calculates to 1 death every 40 seconds caused by suicide (WHO, 2011). Trends show the problem is also on the rise, with estimates suggesting fatalities could rise to 1.5 million deaths by 2020 (WHO, 2004). In the last 45 years, suicide rates have increased by 60% worldwide, and suicide is among the three leading causes of death among those aged 15-44 years in some countries, and the second leading cause of death in the 10-24 years age group; these statistics do not include suicide attempts which are up to 20 times more frequent than completed suicide (WHO, 2011).

This is a retrospective study of suicides in the cases presented to Al Jala hospital , the main trauma hospital in Benghazi , we conclude that the young age groups was the most common age group in suicidal deaths and most common cause of suicidal death was hanging. The study results and conclusions may be useful to create suicide prevention programs that are targeted to different population groups.