Optimal Placement of Distributed Generation

Bansal Mk

Published on: 2023-10-09

Abstract

Power sector is the key for the growth of Indian economy. Increasing demand of power in the developing countries has presented two foremost challenges in power sector which are a) addition of new power generation capacity and b) Expansion of existing transmission and distribution infrastructure. Distributed generation has potential to deal with these challenges, especially in remote areas.  Badly managed distribution of power lead to slower industrial growth and huge economy loss. India is 3rd major creator and fourth major user of electricity in world by way of installed power capacity touching 370029 MW as of 30th Sept 2020. The renewable energy resource power capacity is around 24.43 % of India's total installed capacity. The total electricity production in India during 2018-19 fiscal year including utilities and non-utilities was 1,547 TWh and electricity produced by utilities was 1,372 TWh. The total electricity consumption was 1,181 kWh per capital in India during 2018-19. In 2015-16, electricity consumption in agriculture that is around 17.89% was noted as the highest worldwide. The per capita consumption of electric power in India is around 1100 Kwhr/year that is very low as compared to most of other countries in spite of low electricity tariff in India. India realizes a challenge to confirm availability of reliable and current forms of energy to all its people. Around 85 % of rural houses rest on solid fuel for their cooking needs and only 55 % of all rural houses have access to electric power. The energy shortage at the end of financial year 2009-10 was around 10.1 %, whereas at the end of financial year 2020-21, it is reduced up to 0.4 %. (Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, GoI).