Post COVID Long Term Complications in Human

Hossain MM, Rahman MH, Tanmy TT, Kabir ML and Uddin KN

Published on: 2022-10-02


Our world is experiencing the passage through the post-COVID phase. Post-COVID syndrome known as “long COVID” which refers to symptoms persisting for more than three weeks after the diagnosis of COVID-19 in a human subject.  The main clinical presentations of COVID-19 include respiratory distress, shortness of breathing, muscle fatigability, fever, sneezing, loss of smell or taste, sore throat and pain associated with these conditions. A high portion of patients who recovered this disease already, can manifest a plethora of long-lasting symptoms. Mostly, 25% of patients having COVID-19 may have characteristics extending beyond three weeks, and thus exhibiting the criteria of post-COVID syndrome. In this connection, primary healthcare providers can play a vital role in the management of patients with post-COVID syndrome.  Although, many patients fully recover, health complications can delay a person’s complete return to a regular lifestyle. To resume normal life, COVID-19 survivors are required to take aid to routine consultations, physiotherapy, and dermatological care. Our focus of this review is not to limited only on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and actual clinical characteristics for the various long-term syndromes that have been observed in each organ system in human body following the infection with SARS-CoV-2, but also to consider future directions, with regards to newer variants of this deadly virus and their potential impact on the long-term complications observed.