Electroconvulsive Therapy and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as Strategies in the Treatment of Depression

Ana Carolina Dalarmelina Almança and Tostes JG

Published on: 2019-01-28

Abstract

The objective of this review is to establish and analyze published studies on transcranial magnetic stimulation and electroconvulsive therapy as therapeutic strategies in depressive disorders. The method used was the qualitative bibliographic study, with the survey and discussion of existing literature on the subject. We conducted research with SciELO, Capes and Medline - Pubmed journals portal (2004 to 2014), EBM Reviews - Cochrane Database for Systematic Reviews (2004 to 2014), EBM Reviews - Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (2004 to 2014), Embase (2004 to 2016). The studies reviewed to review the knowledge about somatic therapies in psychiatry, including Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and electroconvulsive therapy. There are reviews of the theoretical bases and empirical studies available in Brazil and in other countries. Electroconvulsive therapy is the oldest psychiatric treatment available for depression, however, this treatment comes with several side effects. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation is relatively new and has been shown to be effective in depressive patients, gained strength in treatment because of its potential therapeutic efficacy and absence of side effects. It was observed that the subject is very recent and there is still little bibliography about it. Electroconvulsive therapy has more studies but in isolation. The research presented Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as a new modality of psychiatric treatment, requiring further studies.